What You Need to Know About Pneumonia in New Paltz and Highland
Pneumonia is an infection that causes fluid buildup and inflammation in one or both lungs. According to the American Lung Association, pneumonia is responsible for approximately 50,000 deaths and more than a million hospitalizations each year. The following are five facts that you and your doctors need to know about this serious and potentially deadly illness.
There are Different Types of Pneumonia:
Pneumonia occurs when a virus, bacteria, irritants, or fungi are inhaled into the lungs. There are four basic types of pneumonia.
Community-acquired pneumonia is the most common form of the disease and is normally contracted in public places.
Hospital-acquired pneumonia can develop after a prolonged hospital stay. Patients requiring ventilators and who have recently had surgery are the most susceptible to this form of pneumonia.
Aspiration pneumonia occurs when small particles are inhaled into the lungs, and you are not able to cough hard enough to expel them. This type of pneumonia is common in patients with swallowing difficulties. It can also occur after vomiting.
Opportunistic pneumonia is typically seen in patients with weakened immune systems. Individuals with HIV/AIDS or who take immunosuppressant medications are prone to this type of pneumonia.
The Young and the Elderly Are Most Vulnerable:
Older adults often have underlying health conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, that make them more likely to suffer from pneumonia-related complications. Children in school and daycare settings are at high risk for community-acquired pneumonia, which is why the disease is a leading cause of hospitalizations among children in the United States.
Vaccinations Can Reduce Your Chances of Pneumonia:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine to prevent pneumonia in New Paltz for all children under the age of 5 and adults 65 or older. Since the flu is a common cause of pneumonia, you can also reduce your chances of getting the disease by getting an annual flu shot. The CDC recommends flu shots for everyone 6 months and older.
Healthy Habits Can Help Prevent Pneumonia:
Frequent hand washing, eating a balanced diet, getting plenty of sleep, getting regular exercise, and not smoking can help your immune system fight off bacteria and viruses that can lead to pneumonia.
Poor Oral Health Increases Pneumonia Risk:
Periodontal disease is associated with a higher level of bacteria in the mouth. These bacteria can be inhaled, which can potentially cause pneumonia. Brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist for bi-annual cleanings can reduce the number of dangerous bacteria in your mouth and lower your chances of developing pneumonia.
From routine checkups and vaccinations to injuries and illnesses, FirstCare Mediccal Center is available seven days a week and provides doctors and practitioners to treat pneumonia in new paltz and highland and to care for your family.